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Overview of the Structure and Function of Protein Kinases

[ Vol. 13 , Issue. 2 ]


Sugunadevi Sakkiah, Guang Ping Cao, Staya P. Gupta and Keun Woo Lee*   Pages 81 - 88 ( 8 )


After G protein-coupled (GPC) receptors, protein kinases are considered as most important drug targets. Kinase family consists of multigene, which is particularly relevant to various diseases. Protein phosphorylation by kinases plays a crucial activity in many cellular processes like apoptosis, cell division, survival, metabolism, etc. The emergence of various protein kinases crystal structures from many research groups gives a deep insight to understand the catalysis and regulation of different protein kinases. This review will mainly focus on the active site structures and functions of few kinases related to different families such as Protein A, G, and C kinase family (AGC), Ca2+/Calmodulin-dependent kinase family (CaMK), Cyclin-dependent kinase family (CMGC), Receptor guanylatecyclase family (RGC), Tyrosine kinase family (TK), Tyrosine kinase-like family (TKL), Sterile 20 Serine/threonine kinase family (STE), and Casein kinase 1 family (CK1).


AGC, CaMK, CMGC, protein kinases, tyrosine kinase.


Department of Chemistry and Biochemistry, University of California Los Angeles, California, Division of Applied Life Science (BK21 Plus Program), Systems and Synthetic Agrobiotech Center (SSAC), Plant Molecular Biology and Biotechnology Research Center (PMBBRC), Research Institute of Natural Sciences (RINS), Gyeongsang National University (GNU), 501 Jinju-daero, Jinju, 52828, Department of Applied Sciences National Institute of Technical Teachers' Training and Research (NITTTR) Shanti Marg, Shamla Hills, Bhopal- 462002, Division of Applied Life Science, Gyeongsang National University, 501 Jinju-daero, Jinju, 52828 Republic of Korea and Department of Internal Medicine, College of Medicine, Busan Paik Hospital, Inje University, Gimhae

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